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مولاژ و ماکت

مولاژ پزشکی | مانکن پزشکی | Medical Moulage

قالب‌ریزی یا مولاژ (به فرانسوی: Moulage) به معنی قالب، هنراستفاده از آسیب‌های ساختگی به منظورآموزش واکنش تیم‌های اورژانس و دیگر پرسنل پزشکی و نظامی است. مولاژ ها معمولا از لاستیک یا لاتکس ، یا موم ساخته می شوند. 

مولاژ ها با استفاده از فنون تکنیک‌های آرایشی بهارائه  نمودار های طبیعی می پردازند .

مولاژ ها انواع مختلقی دارند، بعضی از این تندیس ها آسیب های وارده به تن انسان را نمونه سازی می کنند، مانند: مولاژ هایی که زخم و جراحت ، خون ریزی ، استفراغ ، شکستگی باز را نشان می دهند . بعضی از مولاژ ها حالت کالبد شناسی بدن کامل یک شخص سالم را نمایش می دهد .

مولاژ ها اهمیت فراوانی در آموزش پزشکی دارند و در بعضی کشور ها موزه های برای آن ساخته شده است .

به زبان انگلیسی مولاژهای پزشکی را (medical moulage) و یا تندیس های کالبد شناسی(anatomical model) می گویند 

بعضی از مولاژ ها کالبد شناسی پزشکی قسمتی از بدن انسان را نشان می دهد مانند مولاژ های مربوط به سر ، تنه ، قفسه سینه ، لگن ، اندام . بعضی از مولاژ های کالبد شناسی دستگاه هایی از بدن انسان را نشان می دهند مانند مولاژ های مربوط به دستگاه عصبی، دستگاه گوارش، دستگاه تنفس و دیگر دستگاه های بدن .

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