تبلیغات

محصولی برای نمایش وجود ندارد.

اسپیرومتری

اسپیرومتری(spirometry)  :

اسپیرومتری (spirometry) اولین و رایجترین عمل آزمایش کارکرد ریه است. اسپیرومتری یک معیار برای تشخیص بیماریهای مختلف ریوی و بیماریهای مزمن انسداد ریوی (COPD) می باشد که برای کنترل و نظارت بر شدت و سختی برخی بیماریهای ریه و واکنش نسبت به درمان نیز مورد استفاده قرار میگیرد.

اسپیرومترSpirometer)) دستگاهی است که توانایی بیمار را برای اینکه تا چه اندازه و با چه سرعتی هوا را به داخل ریه انتقال می دهد، می سنجد. برای اینکار بیمار به دهانه متصل به دستگاه ثبت تنفس (اسپیرومتر) می دمد. اطلاعات مربوط به تنفس که توسط اسپیرومتر جمع آوری شده توسط یک نمودار به نام اسپیروگرام (spirogram) چاپ می شود.  

متداولترین پارامترهای ریه که توسط اسپیرومتر قابل اندازه گیریست عبارتنداز:

Forced vital capacity) FVC):

مقدار هوای ممکن که شما در هر بازدم پس از استنشاق عمیق هوا از ریه بیرون می دهید.

Forced expiratory volume) FEV):

مقدار هوایی که در هر بازدم اندازه گیری می شود.

Peak expiratory flow) PEF):

مقدار هوایی که شما در هر بازدم با شدت تمام از ریه بیرون می دهید. این پارامتر معمولا همزمان با FVC قابل اندازه گیریست.

Maximum voluntary ventilation) MVV):

بیشترین مقدار هوایی که شما می توانید بطور ارادی و بدون فشار در مدت زمان یک دقیقه در هر دم و بازدم تنفس کنید.

Slow vital capacity) SVC):

مقدار هوایی که شما بعد از یک تنفس عمیق می توانید به آرامی و آهستگی بیرون دهید.

Total lung capacity) TLC):

مقدار هوایی که پس از یک بازدم طبیعی در ریه باقی می ماند.

Residual volume) RV):

مقدار هوایی که پس از یک بازدم کامل در ریه باقی می ماند که بوسیله تنفس در گازهای نیتروژن و هلیوم قابل اندازه گیری است.

Expiratory reserve volume) ERV):

اندازه گیری تفاوت بین مقدار هوای داخل ریه پس از یک بازدم عادی و پس از یک بازدم با حداکثر توان.

نمایش ادامه مطلب مخفی کردن
021-55435143
@sedanmedsales
مرورگر شما بسیار قدیمی است!
جهت مشاهده این وب سایت به صورت صحیح، بروزرسانی مرورگرتان ضروری خواهد بود. بروزرسانی مرورگر
×
Parse Time: 0.082s
Duration Query
0.0000131130 SELECT configuration_id AS cfgId, configuration_key AS cfgKey, configuration_value AS cfgValue FROM configuration
0.0005590916 SELECT configuration_id AS cfgId, configuration_key AS cfgKey, configuration_value AS cfgValue FROM configuration
0.0000028610 SELECT * FROM languages ORDER BY sort_order ASC
0.0001628399 SELECT * FROM languages ORDER BY sort_order ASC
0.0000028610 SELECT title, code, symbol_left, symbol_right, decimal_point, thousands_point, decimal_places, value FROM currencies
0.0001509190 SELECT title, code, symbol_left, symbol_right, decimal_point, thousands_point, decimal_places, value FROM currencies
0.0000019073 SELECT * FROM configuration_description WHERE (language_id = :languages_id OR language_id = 0) AND configuration_id IN ('12', '610', '611', '612', '613', '708', '722', '723', '724', '725', '726', '727', '731', '729', '614', '1718')
0.0003068447 SELECT * FROM configuration_description WHERE (language_id = :languages_id OR language_id = 0) AND configuration_id IN (:configuration_id)
0.0000040531 SELECT ig.images_group_id, ig.save_path, ig.watermarking_status, ig.has_thumb, ig.thumb_width, ig.thumb_height, ig.max_width, ig.max_height, ig.default_image, ig.position, ig.multi_image, ig.date_added, ig.last_modified, ig.item_type, igi.images_group_title FROM images_group AS ig JOIN images_group_info AS igi ON igi.images_group_id=ig.images_group_id WHERE igi.languages_id = :languages_id
0.0002768040 SELECT ig.images_group_id, ig.save_path, ig.watermarking_status, ig.has_thumb, ig.thumb_width, ig.thumb_height, ig.max_width, ig.max_height, ig.default_image, ig.position, ig.multi_image, ig.date_added, ig.last_modified, ig.item_type, igi.images_group_title FROM images_group AS ig JOIN images_group_info AS igi ON igi.images_group_id=ig.images_group_id WHERE igi.languages_id = :languages_id
0.0000040531 SELECT c.categories_id, c.categories_image, c.parent_id, c.sort_order, c.date_added, c.last_modified, cd.categories_description, cd.categories_name FROM categories AS c JOIN categories_description AS cd ON c.categories_id = cd.categories_id WHERE c.categories_id = :id AND cd.language_id = :language_id
0.0002369881 SELECT c.categories_id, c.categories_image, c.parent_id, c.sort_order, c.date_added, c.last_modified, cd.categories_description, cd.categories_name FROM categories AS c JOIN categories_description AS cd ON c.categories_id = cd.categories_id WHERE c.categories_id = :id AND cd.language_id = :language_id
0.0000019073 SELECT count(categories_id) FROM categories WHERE parent_id = :id
0.0001080036 SELECT count(categories_id) FROM categories WHERE parent_id = :id
0.0000030994 SELECT COUNT(:countColumn) AS total from (products as p left join products_description as pd on p.products_id = pd.products_id left join specials as s on p.products_id = s.products_id and s.status = 1) join products_to_categories as p2c on p.products_id = p2c.products_id where pd.language_id = :language_id and p.products_status > 0 and p2c.categories_id = :category_id order by pd.products_name asc
0.0005929470 SELECT COUNT(:countColumn) AS total from (products as p left join products_description as pd on p.products_id = pd.products_id left join specials as s on p.products_id = s.products_id and s.status = 1) join products_to_categories as p2c on p.products_id = p2c.products_id where pd.language_id = :language_id and p.products_status > 0 and p2c.categories_id = :category_id order by pd.products_name asc
0.0000021458 select p.*, pd.products_name, pd.products_viewed, s.specials_new_products_price as special_price from (products as p left join products_description as pd on p.products_id = pd.products_id left join specials as s on p.products_id = s.products_id and s.status = 1) join products_to_categories as p2c on p.products_id = p2c.products_id where pd.language_id = :language_id and p.products_status > 0 and p2c.categories_id = :category_id order by pd.products_name asc LIMIT 0, 12
0.0000019073 SELECT categories_name FROM categories_description WHERE categories_id = :id AND language_id = :language_id
0.0001010895 SELECT categories_name FROM categories_description WHERE categories_id = :id AND language_id = :language_id
0.0000019073 SELECT categories_name FROM categories_description WHERE categories_id = :id AND language_id = :language_id
0.0000941753 SELECT categories_name FROM categories_description WHERE categories_id = :id AND language_id = :language_id
0.0000021458 SELECT categories_name FROM categories_description WHERE categories_id = :id AND language_id = :language_id
0.0000939369 SELECT categories_name FROM categories_description WHERE categories_id = :id AND language_id = :language_id
0.0000040531 SELECT c.categories_id, c.categories_image, c.parent_id, c.sort_order, c.date_added, cd.categories_name FROM categories AS c JOIN categories_description AS cd ON c.categories_id = cd.categories_id WHERE cd.language_id = :lang_id ORDER BY c.sort_order
0.0017380714 SELECT c.categories_id, c.categories_image, c.parent_id, c.sort_order, c.date_added, cd.categories_name FROM categories AS c JOIN categories_description AS cd ON c.categories_id = cd.categories_id WHERE cd.language_id = :lang_id ORDER BY c.sort_order
0.0000030994 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000970364 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000019073 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000891685 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000021458 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000720024 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000028610 SELECT c.categories_id, c.categories_image, c.parent_id, c.sort_order, c.date_added, cd.categories_name FROM categories AS c JOIN categories_description AS cd ON c.categories_id = cd.categories_id WHERE cd.language_id = :lang_id ORDER BY c.sort_order
0.0016729832 SELECT c.categories_id, c.categories_image, c.parent_id, c.sort_order, c.date_added, cd.categories_name FROM categories AS c JOIN categories_description AS cd ON c.categories_id = cd.categories_id WHERE cd.language_id = :lang_id ORDER BY c.sort_order
0.0000030994 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0001320839 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000019073 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0001070499 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000019073 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000948906 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000019073 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0001089573 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000019073 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0001130104 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000019073 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000929832 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000021458 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000720024 SELECT parent_id FROM categories WHERE categories_id = :id
0.0000021458 SELECT categories_id FROM categories WHERE parent_id = :id ORDER BY sort_order ASC
0.0001130104 SELECT categories_id FROM categories WHERE parent_id = :id ORDER BY sort_order ASC
0.0000019073 SELECT DISTINCT m.manufacturers_id, m.manufacturers_name, m.manufacturers_image FROM products AS p JOIN products_to_categories AS p2c ON p.products_id = p2c.products_id JOIN manufacturers AS m ON p.manufacturers_id = m.manufacturers_id WHERE p.products_status > 0 AND p2c.categories_id IN ('358') ORDER BY m.manufacturers_name
0.0004460812 SELECT DISTINCT m.manufacturers_id, m.manufacturers_name, m.manufacturers_image FROM products AS p JOIN products_to_categories AS p2c ON p.products_id = p2c.products_id JOIN manufacturers AS m ON p.manufacturers_id = m.manufacturers_id WHERE p.products_status > 0 AND p2c.categories_id IN (:cats) ORDER BY m.manufacturers_name
0.0000030994 SELECT products_extra_fields_id, products_extra_fields_lists_id, products_extra_fields_lists_name FROM products_extra_fields_lists ORDER BY products_extra_fields_lists_order ASC
0.0002460480 SELECT products_extra_fields_id, products_extra_fields_lists_id, products_extra_fields_lists_name FROM products_extra_fields_lists ORDER BY products_extra_fields_lists_order ASC
0.0000030994 SELECT e.* FROM products_extra_fields AS e LEFT JOIN products_extra_fields_to_categories e2c ON e.products_extra_fields_id = e2c.products_extra_fields_id WHERE e.products_extra_fields_status = 1 AND e2c.categories_id IN ('358', '0') AND (languages_id = 0 OR languages_id = :lng_id) ORDER BY e.products_extra_fields_order ASC
0.0004780293 SELECT e.* FROM products_extra_fields AS e LEFT JOIN products_extra_fields_to_categories e2c ON e.products_extra_fields_id = e2c.products_extra_fields_id WHERE e.products_extra_fields_status = 1 AND e2c.categories_id IN (:cat_id) AND (languages_id = 0 OR languages_id = :lng_id) ORDER BY e.products_extra_fields_order ASC
0.0000028610 SELECT b.* FROM banners AS b WHERE b.status = '1' AND b.banners_group = :group ORDER BY sort_order ASC LIMIT :limit
0.0002508163 SELECT b.* FROM banners AS b WHERE b.status = '1' AND b.banners_group = :group ORDER BY sort_order ASC LIMIT :limit
0.0000030994 SELECT * FROM banners AS b LEFT JOIN banners_history AS bh ON b.banners_id = bh.banners_id WHERE b.banners_group = :group AND b.status = 1 AND date_format(banners_history_date, '%Y%m%d') = date_format(now(), '%Y%m%d')
0.0001718998 SELECT * FROM banners AS b LEFT JOIN banners_history AS bh ON b.banners_id = bh.banners_id WHERE b.banners_group = :group AND b.status = 1 AND date_format(banners_history_date, '%Y%m%d') = date_format(now(), '%Y%m%d')
0.0000028610 SELECT * FROM banners AS b LEFT JOIN banners_history AS bh ON b.banners_id = bh.banners_id WHERE b.banners_group = :group AND b.status = 1 AND date_format(banners_history_date, '%Y%m%d') = date_format(now(), '%Y%m%d')
0.0000991821 SELECT * FROM banners AS b LEFT JOIN banners_history AS bh ON b.banners_id = bh.banners_id WHERE b.banners_group = :group AND b.status = 1 AND date_format(banners_history_date, '%Y%m%d') = date_format(now(), '%Y%m%d')
0.0000019073 SELECT * FROM banners AS b LEFT JOIN banners_history AS bh ON b.banners_id = bh.banners_id WHERE b.banners_group = :group AND b.status = 1 AND date_format(banners_history_date, '%Y%m%d') = date_format(now(), '%Y%m%d')
0.0001459122 SELECT * FROM banners AS b LEFT JOIN banners_history AS bh ON b.banners_id = bh.banners_id WHERE b.banners_group = :group AND b.status = 1 AND date_format(banners_history_date, '%Y%m%d') = date_format(now(), '%Y%m%d')
0.0000028610 SELECT p.pages_id, pd.pages_name FROM pages AS p, pages_description AS pd WHERE p.pages_status = '1' AND p.pages_id = pd.pages_id AND pd.language_id = :lng_id AND p.position_name = :position ORDER BY p.sort_order ASC, pd.pages_name ASC
0.0002458096 SELECT p.pages_id, pd.pages_name FROM pages AS p, pages_description AS pd WHERE p.pages_status = '1' AND p.pages_id = pd.pages_id AND pd.language_id = :lng_id AND p.position_name = :position ORDER BY p.sort_order ASC, pd.pages_name ASC
0.0000028610 SELECT p.pages_id, pd.pages_name FROM pages AS p, pages_description AS pd WHERE p.pages_status = '1' AND p.pages_id = pd.pages_id AND pd.language_id = :lng_id AND p.position_name = :position ORDER BY p.sort_order ASC, pd.pages_name ASC
0.0001919270 SELECT p.pages_id, pd.pages_name FROM pages AS p, pages_description AS pd WHERE p.pages_status = '1' AND p.pages_id = pd.pages_id AND pd.language_id = :lng_id AND p.position_name = :position ORDER BY p.sort_order ASC, pd.pages_name ASC
0.0000028610 SELECT p.pages_id, pd.pages_name, pd.pages_description, p.pages_image, p.pages_date_added FROM pages AS p JOIN pages_description AS pd ON pd.pages_id = p.pages_id WHERE p.pages_status = '1' and pd.language_id = :lang_id AND p.position_name = :position ORDER BY p.sort_order LIMIT :limit
0.0001459122 SELECT p.pages_id, pd.pages_name, pd.pages_description, p.pages_image, p.pages_date_added FROM pages AS p JOIN pages_description AS pd ON pd.pages_id = p.pages_id WHERE p.pages_status = '1' and pd.language_id = :lang_id AND p.position_name = :position ORDER BY p.sort_order LIMIT :limit
0.0000019073 SELECT * FROM banners WHERE banners_group = :group AND status = '1' ORDER BY sort_order ASC LIMIT 1
0.0001258850 SELECT * FROM banners WHERE banners_group = :group AND status = '1' ORDER BY sort_order ASC LIMIT 1
Total: 0.0098366737 Query count: 71